— A —
An additional service requested for a freight shipment. Most accessorial require an additional payment that varies based on the service or carrier. Some common accessorial include liftgate services, and residential delivery.
Accessorial charges are for administrations that are notwithstanding run-of-the-mill transportation administrations, for example, inside delivery, a private delivery, liftgate delivery, and other comparative administrations.
Part of the billing department in charge of paying carriers, operators, or factoring companies for services rendered.
Part of the billing department in charge of collecting payment from carriers or customers for services rendered.
Air Bill (Air Waybill)
A documentation for an air transporter that gives data about the cargo, weight, cargo charges, shipper, proctor, and the party liable for cargo charges. An air bill is basically a LTL cargo bill, however for an air bearer.
Forms of freight shipping that uses planes instead of trucks, or trains. Air freight is usually more expensive, but also more expedited.
The notice that the agent gets when their cargo has landed at its destination.
Process performed by some freight brokers to confirm any additional charges before passing the final freight bill on to the customer.
— B —
In truckload shipping, transit is required to reposition a truck and its driver after the initial load he was hired to transport. Also known as “head haul.
Department at carriers or brokers in charge of invoices and payment.
Bill of Lading (BOL)
Document was given to the carrier at the time of freight pickup with all necessary information for the shipment. This information includes pickup and delivery locations, weight, class, commodity, and much more.
A Customs-controlled warehouse for the retention of imported goods until the duty-owed is paid.
Technique used to secure freight in the truck during full truckload shipments.
Separating mass comprises of breaking a heap from one shipper that is being sent to various agents.
Break Bulk Point
The terminal or area where break bulks happen.
Third-party logistics provider that acts as a conduit between customer and carrier to secure freight pricing and services, among other things.
A grouping of products shipped that are generally unassembled. Similar to pallets or crates.
Business to Business (B2B)
Standard LTL shipment protocol that deems both the pickup and delivery location to be certified businesses, often with loading docks. If the shipment is not B2B, then additional services such as residential delivery will be required.
— C —
In truckload shipping, capacity is determined by the amount of goods to be shipped, and the number of carriers/trucks to ship them. It is a large factor in truckload pricing.
A company or operator that transports both LTL and truckload freight. Read our blog on the differences between brokers and carriers for more information.
Common term in truckload shipping referring to the actual commodities and freight being shipped.
Cash on Delivery
Also known as “Freight Collect.” The process of paying (in cash) for a shipment at the time of delivery.
A charge made against the freight carrier for shipments that are damaged or lost.
Freight class is an identification number assigned to all freight shipped LTL that helps determine price.
State that the consignee is liable for the cargo charges.
Document from the manufacturer that determines an item’s value. Often used for freight claims.
Comprises of harm to the substance of a bundle without the harm being remotely obvious.
The receiver of an LTL or truckload shipment. The opposite of a “shipper.”
The individual or business that begins the shipment. Likewise, known as the shipper.
Anything that the freight is contained in.
An authoritative record between parties. With respect to cargo, a contract states particulars of the cargo shipment process.
Corrected Bill of Lading (CBL)
A document that the shipper would issue to correct the first bill of lading.
Used to confirm client data with respect to credit value.
The carrying capacity of a truck or other piece of equipment measured in cubic feet.
Customer Service Representative (CSR)
An individual that works with customers to schedule pickups, deliveries, and freight tracking. CSR works closely with drivers, dispatchers, and claims departments.
Government authorities that collect duties on freight imports.
Broker that handles all necessary paperwork and practices to get freight across the border. Customs services are not included in all freight broker services.
— D —
In truckload shipping, when a driver returns to a point of origin or market carrying no freight.
Value of the freight declared on the BOL at the time of pickup. Often used for claims or Customs purposes.
Weight put on a tab with the goal that the shipment will cost less because of the rate decrease for higher loads.
Delivered Duty Paid (DDP)
Seller is liable for conveying the merchandise to the named destination in the nation of the buyer, and pays all expenses in carrying the products to the goal including import obligations and assessments. The seller isn’t answerable for unloading. This term is frequently utilized instead of the non-Incoterm “Free In Store (FIS)”. This term puts the greatest commitments on the seller and least commitments on the buyer. No risk or duty is moved to the buyer until delivery of the merchandise at the named place of destination.
The most significant thought for DDP terms is that the seller is answerable for clearing the products through customs in the buyer’s nation, including both paying the obligations and charges, and acquiring the fundamental approvals and enlistments from the experts in that nation. Except if the principles and guidelines in the buyer’s nation are very surely known, DDP terms can be an exceptionally huge risk both in terms of deferrals and in unanticipated additional expenses, and ought to be utilized with alert.
Delivered Duty Unpaid (DDU)
This term implies the seller delivers the merchandise to the buyer, not cleared for import, and not emptied from arriving methods for transport at the named spot of destination. The seller bears all expenses and risks engaged with carrying the merchandise to the named spot other than “duty” (which incorporates the duty regarding customs conventions and installment of those conventions, obligations and duties) for import into the nation of destination. Buyer is answerable for installment of all customs and obligations and assessments.
Appointment set with the consignee to deliver freight. In LTL, most delivery appointments are considered accessorials and require additional payment.
Delivery Receipt (DR)
Also known as a Proof of Delivery (POD). Document signed at time of delivery notating if the freight is accepted in good condition. Most often used for claims purposes.
The confinement of a holder or cargo vehicle past the assessed time period.
Measurement of an item’s pounds per cubic foot. Important for freight quotes, and density-based freight class.
Fee assessed by a carrier when a truck is held up at delivery or pickup longer than the time allotted for the service.
A postal district that gets administration by the contracted bearers possess gear and driver. See likewise Indirect Point.
The way toward booking and overseeing intra-city traffic and intercity pickup and delivery.
When freight is diverted to a different location while in transit. Also known as a reconsignment.
A charge that happens when cargo is pulled on trucks, drays, or trucks.
A term that identifies with cargo charges. It implies that the driver gathers the cargo charges from the agent at the hour of delivery.
A carrier trailer that is left at a location for pickup at a later date, once it’s filled.
Standard truckload trailer either 48 ft. or 52 ft. long. Neither heated nor cooled.
Packing material used to protect freight in the trailer during transit.
— E —
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Computer to computer transmission used primarily in freight to schedule pickups with carriers through a transportation management system.
Estimated time of arrival.
Estimated time of departure.
Errors observed at the hour of trade or delivery and are identified with the physical qualities or number of bits of the cargo.
Freight that is delivered faster than a standard shipment, for an additional fee.
— F —
Equipment used in truckload shipping to transport large items or machinery.
A shipment that was emptied at or lost to an inappropriate terminal and is then charged and sent to the right terminal for nothing.
The sum that is expected for cargo transportation.
Logistics company that acts as an intermediary between the shipper and the carrier.
Freight of All Kinds (FAK)
A rate agreement between shipper/broker and the carrier.
Cash on Delivery
— G —
Global Positioning System (GPS)
A system that uses satellites to find exact positions of objects on earth. Used in truckload freight to track carrier trucks/loads.
The total weight of an item including packaging and palletizing.
An LTL shipment that is guaranteed for delivery by a certain time. An additional fee is paid for this service, and if the delivery time is not met the shipping charges can be wiped away.